Gum recession is a common problem associated with periodontal disease, although it may also be the result of aggressive tooth brushing during home care. Recession often results in exposed root surfaces which can lead to painful sensitivity in the exposed area and possible loss of teeth or esthetic concerns such as teeth appearing too long and uneven gum lines.
Connective tissue may be taken from the maxillary gingiva or hard palate (roof of the mouth) and placed over the area of recession to provide adequate root coverage and improve health and esthetics. Alloderm is an acellular dermal graft obtained from cadavers which can also be utilized in areas of extensive recession as can various synthetic bone.
Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) is a procedure that utilizes a barrier membrane and bone growth modulators to facilitate re-growth of bone and tissue around an area that has experienced bone loss. In the case of missing teeth, GTR may also be used to build up necessary bone for placement of implants.